The population of Saint Kitts and Nevis has fared better than the residents of many of the neighboring countries, if one looks at the gross domestic product (GDP) per person. However, the social and economic differences are large between different groups in society.
Many families live in the countryside and feed on farming for self-sufficiency. In this group, the level of education is low and teenage pregnancies are common. When the sugar plantations were closed down in 2005, many farm workers moved to the cities or abroad in search of new supply opportunities.
- Countryaah Official Site: Official statistics for population in St. Kitts and Nevis, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
Health care is relatively well developed and the general state of health among the residents is quite good. The two islands each have their own hospital and there are also local nurses and some health centers. Almost the entire population has access to clean water and only a few percent live in houses without sewage.
The social insurance system with, among other things, old-age pension, sickness and accident compensation and parental benefit only covers those who have an employment or own company. The rest of the population lacks social protection networks and must rely on family and friends.
Drug abuse and drug-related crime are widespread problems. The murder rate is one of the highest in the world. Accidents, where crime-related injuries are counted, are one of the most common causes of death.
FACTS – SOCIAL CONDITIONS
Infant Mortality: 10 per 1000 births (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean water: 99.0 percent (2013)
Proportion of the population having access to toilets: 91.6 percent (2013)
Public expenditure on health care as a percentage of GDP: 5.6 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person: $ 931 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament: 13 percent (2018)
The total road network covers more than 30 km. About a third of the roads are paved. There is a ring road on both the main island of Saint Kitts and the smaller island of Nevis.
At Saint Kitts there is a narrow gauge railway. It was previously used for sugar transport but is now operated only as a tourist attraction.
The capital Basseterre has a deep harbor and a cruise ship terminal. In the town of Sandy Point there is a smaller port. Nevis has three ports: one in Charlestown, one in Long Point Port and one in Newcastle. There is a ferry between Saint Kitts and Nevis.
Outside Basseterre is an international airport whose runway has been extended with assistance from Taiwan. The airport links the country with the US, Canada, the UK and several countries in the Caribbean. There is also a smaller airport at Nevis with routes to the main island and other Caribbean islands. Saint Kitts and Nevis are partners in the regional airline Liat.