Serbia Social Condition Facts

Social conditions

The paper contains a comprehensive social insurance system for government employees and their families. Public health care is based on a system of compulsory insurance, which is financed by deductions on the salaries of employees. Private employees and their own entrepreneurs are allowed to pay contributions to the system themselves.

The war in the 1990s and the NATO bombing war in 1999 contributed to the demolition of welfare systems, especially the health care system, which is still suffering from major shortcomings. Both drugs and medical equipment are missing. The number of private healthcare institutions has increased in recent years, but not everyone can afford to use them. Healthcare is one of the most corrupt social institutions: the one who can pay the staff black for better and faster care.

In 2000, one third of the population lived below the national poverty line. The figure for the poor was down to just over 7 percent in 2017, but still one in four people lived near the poverty line, without any major margins. Fattigdomen is particularly widespread in parts of the countryside, among the Roma population and among refugees and the elderly. The gaps in society are large and tend to widen as soon as possible.

serbia population

Although new environmental legislation was adopted in 2009, environmental problems are widespread, as the laws are not always followed. Industrial pollution, air and water pollution, and a lack of clean drinking water and poor waste management make people sick. The worst are the problems in some parts of the countryside but the air pollution around Belgrade and other major cities is also extensive.

In the wake of the war, extensive crime has emerged with human trafficking, smuggling of drugs, cigarettes and weapons, corruption and the laundering of black money.

Society is in many ways value conservative. LGBTQ persons constitute a vulnerable group. Amnesty International has singled out Serbia as a country where authorities fail to protect sexual minorities, even though discrimination against them is formally prohibited. Against this background, many were surprised when Ana Brnabić 2017 was named prime minister, since she is openly gay. In 2019, Brnabić became the first head of government in the world whose same-sex partner gave birth to a child.


Infant Mortality: 5 per 1000 births (2018)

Percentage of HIV infected: 0.1 percent (2018)

Proportion of HIV infected among young women

0.1 percent (2018)

Proportion of HIV infected among young men: 0.1 percent (2018)

Proportion of population with access to clean water: 91.2 percent (2015)

Proportion of the population having access to toilets: 97.6 percent (2017)

Public expenditure on health care as a percentage of GDP: 9.4 percent (2015)

Public expenditure on health care per person: US $ 494 (2016)

Proportion of women in parliament: 34 percent (2018)



Kosovo leaders are appointed as Mafia members

In a report by the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe, Kosovo’s Prime Minister Hashim Thaҫi is identified as the leader of a mafia-like group in the Kosovo guerrilla UÇK, which in the 1990s would have traded with bodies from Serbian prisoners of war. Serbia claims that the Danish head of the UN administration of the UNIK in Kosovo, Sören Jessen-Petersen, had known and darkened the information and is therefore requesting the war crimes tribunal for former Yugoslavia to investigate the role of the UN official.


Presidential visit to Croatia

President Tadić visits the city of Vukovar in Croatia, apologizing for the massacre carried out by the Serbian forces in 1991 on 260 civilians – another step towards reconciliation between Serbia and Croatia.


State visit from Croatia

Croatian President Ivo Josipović visits Belgrade as a sign that relations between Serbia and Croatia are being normalized.

Presidential visit to Bosnia

President Tadić visits Bosnia and Herzegovina for a ceremony in memory of the Srebrenica massacre.

“Kosovo did not violate international law”

The International Court of Justice in The Hague, to which the UN turned to Serbia’s request, declares that Kosovo’s unilateral declaration of independence was not a violation of international law. The Serbian government declares that Serbia still does not intend to recognize Kosovo’s independence.


The SAA Agreement enters into force

The EU gives its approval that the SAA agreement with Serbia can enter into force, after Serbia has shown good will to cooperate with the war crimes tribunal in The Hague.


The Srebrenica massacre is condemned

The Serbian Parliament adopts a resolution condemning the massacre of about 8000 Muslim men carried out by Bosnian Serb forces under General Ratko Mladić in 1995 in Srebrenica.