Luxembourg Social Condition Facts

Social conditions

Luxembourg has a well-developed welfare system. Spending per person is the highest in the EU.

Thanks to the high wealth, social costs still constitute a low proportion of GDP compared with neighboring countries.

Health care and care for the elderly are largely run by the Catholic Church and have long covered the needs well. However, rising costs meant that in the early 2000s, care was deficit and changes in funding were therefore high on the political agenda.

luxembourg population

Abortion rights have long been limited, but since 2014, women have been entitled to abortions even up to the twelfth week of pregnancy. Thereafter, medical advice is required that the health of the woman or fetus is in danger.


Infant Mortality: 2 per 1000 births (2018)

Percentage of HIV infected: 0.3 percent (2018)

Proportion of HIV infected among young women

0.1 percent (2018)

Proportion of HIV infected among young men: 0.1 percent (2018)

Proportion of population with access to clean water: 100.0 percent (2015)

Proportion of the population having access to toilets: 97.6 percent (2017)

Public expenditure on health care as a percentage of GDP: 6.0 percent (2015)

Public expenditure on health care per person: US $ 6,271 (2016)

Proportion of women in parliament: 28 percent (2018)



Relief in quarantine rules

May 25

Some reliefs occur in the coronary restrictions when cafes and restaurants are allowed to open and marriages and burials are resumed. However, restrictions still apply with requirements for oral protection and physical distance between participants. Almost 4,000 cases of covid-19 have been registered in Luxembourg and 110 people have died.


Stimulus packages are presented

March 25th

Prime Minister Xavier Bettel launches a stimulus package for the economy worth € 8.8 billion, to curb the effects of the corona crisis. The package consists of loans, subsidies, deferred tax payments, unemployment benefits and other things. The number of infected people is high in Luxembourg in relation to the population, compared with the rest of Europe, but this may be partly because many are tested for the virus.

An emergency permit to deal with the pandemic

March 18th

Prime Minister Xavier Bettel announces a state of emergency, which gives the government the opportunity to make quick decisions without Parliament’s support. People are ordered to stay home and just go out to do the necessary tasks. Outdoors, people have to stay two meters away from each other, otherwise they risk fines. Closed borders in the tracks of the corona virus, not least in Germany, cause concern in Luxembourg that is dependent on border commuters. Two thirds of doctors and nurses working in Luxembourg live in a neighboring country. So far, such staff with documentation may cross the border.

Corona causes shutdowns

the 12th of March

All schools in the country are closed and all visits are prohibited on elderly homes. The purpose of the measures is to prevent the spread of the coronavirus causing covid-19. A few days later all restaurants and bars are also ordered to close. Prime Minister Xavier Bettel urges people to go out only to carry out the necessary tasks.

All public transport is free

March 1st

Luxembourg will be the first in the world to introduce free public transport throughout the country. The reform is expected to reduce congestion in traffic, but has also been called an “important social measure”, which mainly low-income citizens are expected to benefit from.