More than 40 percent of Belizeans live in poverty. The social insurance system includes health insurance, occupational injury insurance, unemployment insurance, maternity leave, pension and certain social assistance.
More and more births are taking place with the help of midwives, which is why the previously high infant mortality has decreased. Belize is today the average in Latin America. The prevalence of HIV / AIDS is among the highest in Latin America. Violence and sexual abuse of children and women is a serious problem. Child labor is common, especially in agriculture. In the south, where the majority of indigenous people and immigrants live, malnutrition is twice as high as in the country as a whole.
- Countryaah Official Site: Official statistics for population in Belize, including population growth, density, and estimation in next 50 years.
One of the most important domestic policy issues has long been the fight against drug trafficking and organized crime (see Current policy). The neighboring countries’ problems with youth gangs have also spread to Belize.
Belize is a country of transit for drug smuggling from South America to the United States, and in the wake of the drug violence crime follows. The youth gang is deeply involved in the drug trade. According to the UN, the country is one of the ten most violent in the world.
FACTS – SOCIAL CONDITIONS
Infant Mortality: 11 per 1000 births (2018)
Percentage of HIV infected: 1.9 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young women
1.0 percent (2018)
Proportion of HIV infected among young men: 0.8 percent (2018)
Proportion of population with access to clean water: 97.1 percent (2015)
Proportion of the population having access to toilets: 87.9 percent (2017)
Public expenditure on health care as a percentage of GDP: 6.2 percent (2015)
Public expenditure on health care per person: US $ 304 (2016)
Proportion of women in parliament: 9 percent (2018)